Founded as a co-operative in the 1880s with funding from Baron Edmond de Rothschild, the pioneer of the modern Israeli wine industry, Carmel is the largest wine producer in the country (c 13 million bottles per annum) and the largest producer of kosher wine in the world. They have two large wineries: Zichron Ya'acov on the southern slopes of Mount Carmel overlooking the Mediterranean - the biggest winery in Israel - and Rishon Le Zion just south of Tel Aviv. In addition, they have the smaller Kayoumi cellar closer to the vineyards in Upper Galilee in the north. Yatir in the north-eastern Negev in the south is a wholly owned subsidiary of Carmel (see below). They make a huge range of wines in just about every style and price category (see their website for more details). In the last decade much more attention has been given to quality, and Carmel continued its pioneering role by being the first to plant vineyards in the Negev desert.