Chile has a long viticultural history for a New World wine region dating to the 16th century, when Spanish conquistadors brought Vitis vinifera vines with them as they colonized the region. In the mid-19th century, French wine varieties such as Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot were introduced, and in the early 1980s, a renaissance began with the introduction of stainless steel fermentation tanks and the use of oak barrels for aging. Wine exports grew very quickly as quality wine production increased. The number of wineries has grown from 12 in 1995 to over 70 in 2005, and Chile is now the fifth largest exporter of wines in the world, and the ninth largest producer. The climate is described as midway between that of California and France. Thus far, Chile has remained free of phylloxera louse which means that the country's grapevines do not need to be grafted.
Alfasi is produced by Chilean winemaker Hector Saldivia. Hector and his team have achieved several goals in the grape-producing and oenological areas. Their achievements range from obtaining over a thousand planted hectares and developing new wine production lines, to the introduction of new wine making techniques while consolidating the existing techniques. One of the main concerns and responsibilities that Alfasi has as a company is to care for the environment for the future generations. The vineyard is involved in knowing and resolving issues regarding global warming. It is for this reason that Alfasi has taken considerations in the matter and is working to neutralize its carbon dioxide emissions involved in wine transportation by purchasing carbon assets (carbon points) from the specialized environmental company, First Climate
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